Software is the intangible part of a computer. The user accesses the abilities of the hardware through the software. You may know them as Microsoft Office, Adobe reader, Mozilla Firefox, Photoshop and other numerous brand names. But software are more than that. They include the operating system, the drivers, and other installable features in the computer.
The software understands you and the machine. It comes between the two of you. However, they are designed from codes and do not change as they may be required to because they handle only logical processes. This means that you have to know about your software.
The lowest level of computer software is one that communicates with the hardware. Most computer users do not know this because the software at this level does not interact with the user in any way. The software consists of executable codes in machine language that gives instruction to the processor. The other software are written in high level programming language. At this level, the language is closer to the human language.
Types of software
Software operates in tiers. The tiers lead to the categorization of the software into three main groups. The shared advantages apply to all these types of software. It is important to get the latest of all these types of software to take advantage of the privileges because in the world of computing there is no going back and going forward is the only way to go. Let me take you through the type of software.
Purpose use Software
There are application software. These are the working software that perform all the useful work and in some cases allow the user to be entertained. They enhance the basic operation of the computer.
The other software is the system software. The system software or the operating system is the code that interacts with the computer hardware to offer basic functionality including supporting the installation of the application software. Other system software includes a device driver and the utilities. The device driver is software that is dedicated to a particular device such as the sound hardware or the graphics hardware. The utilities are software for computer maintenance.
The other purpose software are the malware. They are the malicious software. You may know them as viruses. The malware are designed to harm the operation of the computers. They do that by disrupting the operation of the computer. They are mostly criminal agents and in some cases they have not real benefit to the developer. I call them practical jokes that can bring your life or business to a standstill.
To counter the malware we have the anti-malware. You have probably heard of Kaspersky, Avast and other anti-virus. These software reverse the effects of the malware. They are deigned to identify the damage or list the existing threats to the computer and neutralize them. You need to upgrade your anti-virus for it to be able to counter the effects of the latest malware. If your anti-virus is not updated, it may not have the capabilities to detect and neutralize the threats in your system.
Domain execution software
You can categorize software based on where they are executed. In this case, you have desktop applications that are installed in the computer and run within the hardware. They include the ordinary software that you have in your computer and the apps that you have on your smartphone or tablet. The other category of software based on this approach are the server software which are run on a central server to operate within the connected hardware.
Scripts are the other form of software. The most popular script is the Java scripts which are pieces of software that are contained in web pages. They operate by running within the web browser that you are using. If you have an adobe flash in your browser then you are using the Action script to run the flash plugin.
Talking of plugins, they are the other type of software. Plugins and extensions modify the function of a piece of software. With a plugin, you get better functionality and added features in a static software. PHP, Java, and ASP.NET are a type of software that run on the browser with some of them run partly in the server. The closes software to the hardware is the microcode. The microcode is a special software because it interacts with the hardware directly.
For you to write a software, you need a platform that converts your language to what the computer understands. These are the programming tools. Software developers use these platforms to develop software. The tool has the ability to create, maintain, and debug a software. It is also essential in the support of software.
There are many programming languages that one can use to develop software. The programming tools may be compilers or debuggers. Some tools are used to interpret while other link software. You can also have a tool that edits texts. A combination of all these tools conceives an integrated development environment what developers call the IDE.
The software development environment
This is one of the most unique and dynamic industry there is. Some people develop programs for fun while other make billions of dollars out of it. Some do not get a dime out of it while others develop what they need for themselves. That is how diverse the industry is and has developed to be. Basically, it requires a combination of brains, hard work, and innovation.
There are names that you have heard of but you do not hear them anymore. Brands such as Netscape are rarely mentioned because of the dynamics of the industry. Continuous innovation and unlimited choice of what to invest in as far as user application are concern is what dominates the business news.
Software can be profitable as is evidence from the ventures of Bill Gates and Larry Elision of Microsoft and Oracle respectively. On the other hand, there are other nonprofit organizations that develop free software. Forums such as Linux develop and distribute what Bill Gates sells for a fortune at absolutely no cost. Believe me, the quality is as good. For every purchasable software, there is a freeware that matches its function. Instead of buying Photoshop, you may consider Gimp for your graphic design. It is all about how it works and the quality of the output.
The industry is also characterized by the presence of large companies such as Novell, SAP, Adobe System, Corel and Symantec and other small companies that are innovative and compete with the large companies for the market share. The industry has standards with standard organizations such as W3C, IETF establishing standard to operate within environments of XML, HTML, HTTP, and FTP. The model of operation in the industry is unique and revolves around the creativity of the developer.
You can buy a license or buy the software itself. You can run the software on the cloud or download it on your computer. You may install it on the local server or put it in every computer. It all depends on what works for you and the model the develop applies. The distribution of the product also varies. You can get a shareware or you own software that is customized for your use.
Getting a software
There are a number of approaches that you need when buying your own or your company’s software. They include the cost, the suitability of use for the purpose, the features the software has, the support that comes with a purchase of the software, and the integrity of the software. For some software especially application software, you have to consider the system that you will be operating it on and its compliance with the operating parameters of the software. For instance, you cannot install some versions of technical software such as ArchiCard or AutoCard on inferior operating systems such as Windows XP.
It all depends on the specific use. Customized software is more expensive but serves the specific purpose of your business. Free software are also allowed but they may come with a cost of configuring for it to operate in your organization. You may get standardized software but if your business operates in a unique way, you may need some adjustment on your business operations. For professionals such as engineers, artists, graphic designers, architects, and others, the features contained in the software you are getting determines what you buy.
Simply put, there is no specific criterion that works for all organizations or people when selecting a software. However, it is important to get the latest software because its advantages are not arguable. All organizations or professionals need the latest version of their software for optimized operation of the software.
Buy latest software
The computing world is characterized by a consistent transition from more hardware to more software. Some of the functions that were performed by the hardware are being delegated to software making the hardware smaller and smaller while the software become more sophisticated and diverse. From the big computer that would be accommodated in a whole room with diminished software we have moved to devices that can be handled within the palm but with software that are more sophisticated.
In the contemporary world, software is a apart that cannot be ignored. Continuous innovation in this area is adverse and is the fastest than any other area. New software emerge every day with various functions. From young men working garaged to large companies situated in the metropolitan areas, ideas have been packaged into codes and distributed through downloads as software to serve needs. Let me talk about the latest software.
Why you need the latest software
Software are all about codes that run the government and the society. Our behavior and regulations are coded so that a computer can run them. The codes change frequently as the societal ways change. With the latest software, you get access to the latest changes in the form of upgrade. The latest software allows you to get a synchronized process and any bugs corrected. Did you know that Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS) has a portable version to transfer your data and the application to any computer? It is called Portable SPSS and it is an improvement to address the need of researchers to have portable data.
With the latest software you are accessed to the improvement on the particular application. As time goes by, software become more user focused. Having the latest software avails the improvement to you as a user. For instance, the earlier windows did not have an option of directly converting your document to PDF with windows 2010 you have this much-needed PDF conversion function.
With the latest software the changes in your environmental are captured. Every professional skill realizes operational environment change. Other than that type of environment, the hardware environment changes as it improves. You get faster processors, bigger spaces, and more graphics capabilities. The latest software are designed to take advantage of these developments to the better of the user. Software have to adjust to the shifting environment to give better performance. The latest software will run optimally in your environment. The latest ArchiCard has taken advantage of the advanced graphics capabilities to give a more realistic feel of the output.
Correction of applications is part of the role of software improvement. Software comes with problems or errors. You might have been running your software then you realize that some of the applications or functions cannot be performed. This is as a result of errors or bugs. Usually, your software sends the information to the developer online and the error is corrected in the updated software.
Modern technology demands compliance to the developments lest your machine stops operating. All the software in you system have to be right and in good operating condition otherwise your operations will be compromised. The software you select should synchronize with the intended function. We will see software that is more sophisticated that demand more from the hardware. You also have to get the hardware that meets the conventional operating parameters. Consider the processor speeds, the memory, and the technical specification of the various devices when making these decisions.